Penn Nutrition Basics lesson 2 700123RR
1. Which one of the following choices is a simple sugar?
A. Orange juice
2. The key to the success of following any diet plan is to
A. keep the diet healthy and balanced.
B. limit all forms of sugar in the diet.
C. restrict as many calories as possible.
D. follow only the DASH diet.
3. Taking megadoses of vitamins
A. is unsafe and not recommended.
B. can help athletes improve performance.
C. is a good way to get needed vitamins.
D. is better than trying to get vitamins from food.
4. Which one of the following choices is the most nutrient-dense snack?
A. Sliced bananas, walnuts, and orange sections
B. Baked potato chips and sparkling water
C. Unsalted pretzels and cheddar cheese
D. Green salad with ranch dressing
5. High triglyceride levels in the blood can be an indicator of
B. gluten intolerance.
C. heart disease.
D. lactose intolerance.
6. A person who follows a vegetarian eating plan
A. has a higher risk of heart disease.
B. is more likely to have less energy.
C. cannot build muscle as well as someone who eats meat.
D. eats mostly or only foods that are plant-based.
7. Which of the following foods would be the best choice for a person who's gluten-intolerant?
A. Ham and cheese sandwich on rye bread
B. Turkey sandwich with lettuce and mayonnaise
C. Grilled chicken with green salad
D. Whole-wheat pasta with marinara sauce
8. Protein is essential to the overall health of the body because it
A. helps "bulk up" muscles.
B. gives the body collagen, which protects the organs.
C. sustains life and keeps body systems in good repair.
D. keeps hair and nails healthy.
9. The order in which food passes through the digestive system is
A. mouth, esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine.
B. mouth, stomach, esophagus, large intestine, small intestine.
C. mouth, esophagus, stomach, large intestine, small intestine.
D. mouth, stomach, large intestine, esophagus, small intestine
10. Which one of the following choices is the best way to control Type II diabetes?
A. Avoiding all simple sugars
B. Injecting insulin
C. Avoiding salt
D. Adopting a healthy diet and exercising
11. Consuming inadequate calories or having a deficiency in certain vitamins or minerals is known as
C. type I diabetes.
12. During digestion, which of the following organ(s) is/are responsible for extracting certain minerals and maintaining proper fluid balance?
13. People who are lactose-intolerant
A. cannot handle the protein, fats, minerals, and vitamins in milk.
B. can never eat anything that's made with a dairy ingredient.
C. are allergic to dairy.
D. cannot break down the lactose found in milk.
14. People who have to avoid certain wheat and grain products or have been born without the ability to digest gluten have
B. type II diabetes.
C. lactose intolerance.
D. gluten intolerance.
15. Which of the following foods provide the most fiber?
A. Milk, cheese, and dairy products
B. Meat, poultry, and fish
C. Fruits, vegetables, and grains
D. Fats, fatty acids, and oils
16. If all of the following meals total 500 calories, which of the following would be the most nutrient-dense choice?
A. Salmon, sweet potatoes, honeydew sorbet
B. Hamburger, onion rings, cheesecake
C. Grilled cheese, french fries, chocolate ice cream
D. Steak and cheese sandwich, macaroni and cheese, vanilla cake
17. The energy that's given to the body by food is
A. best obtained by eating high protein.
B. excreted by the body if not used.
C. a nutrient that's essential for growth and development.
D. measured in units called calories.
18. To derive energy from food, you must eat foods that contain
A. vitamins and minerals.
B. carbohydrates, proteins, and fats.
19. A person who has high cholesterol has a health condition that
A. may require a person to reduce his or her consumption of saturated and trans fats.
B. can be controlled only by eliminating all dairy products.
C. results in the inability to handle foods that contain wheat.
D. requires a constant monitoring of blood sugar levels.
20. Omega-3 fatty acids are important because they
A. reduce the amount of hardened material that forms on artery walls.
B. help the body absorb calcium.
C. make the bones less brittle.
D. increase the stomach's ability to digest foods.